To have beautiful teeth, you must have healthy gums
Regular periodontal treatments are necessary to keep you gums healthy. When your gums are sick they can recede, become inflamed and in later stages even affect the supporting bone that helps to keep your teeth stable. In other words, sick gums can not only impact your ability to chew and talk, but can also affect your whole smile.
Symptoms of gum disease usually include:
- Bad breath
- Gingival recession
- More mobile teeth
- Red or easily bleeding gums
- Sensitivity of teeth and/or gums
Plaque: the main cause of gingivitis in genetically sensitive individuals.
Plaque is a colorless and sticky film mainly composed of food particles and various types of bacteria that adhere to the teeth below the gum line. This plaque is constantly forming on your teeth and the bacteria inside of it produce toxins that will irritate the gums. If daily brushing and flossing are neglected, plaque can harden and turn into a rough, porous substance called tartar.
Other risk factors that contribute to the development of gum disease:
- Smoking or using chewing tobacco
- Certain types of medications such as steroids, anti-epileptic drugs, cancer drugs, calcium channel blockers and oral contraceptives
- Poorly adapted bridges or crowns
- Teeth misaligned
- Old fillings
By the age of 45, nearly 80% of Canadians will have periodontal disease, and the majority will not be aware of it. It is therefore important to maintain good dental hygiene at home and make regular visits to your dentist to reduce the risk of contracting this disease. It is very important to act early in the prevention of periodontal disease, as there is a strong link with several other chronic conditions such as diabetes, heart disease and osteoporosis.
Maintaining excellent oral hygiene and reducing the progression of periodontal disease with regular visits to the dentist have beneficial effects that go beyond simple prevention and may also prevent the development of other serious systemic diseases.
Other important factors can negatively affect the health of your gums. Chemicals in tobacco, such as nicotine and tar slow down the healing process. Smoking cessation therefore, has many benefits for your general health, gums and the control of many other factors such as stress, tooth grinding, medication, and nutrition.
If you want to know more about gum disease and how to maintain your gum healthy, call us directly at 514-355-7635 and we will be happy to answer all your questions.